The process of chemically castrating a rooster is known as “caponizing”. This process is used to produce a rooster known as “capon.” Caponizing can also be done by surgically removing the bird’s balls.
Caponizing first began in Rome in order to get around a law regarding fattening hens. A caponized rooster can be twice as plump as normal roosters.
The meat from a non-caponized rooster is very stringy and pungent, but the meat from a capon is much more tender.
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How to Neuter a Rooster
Caponizing or neutering of a male rooster can be done either through:
- A surgical process that involves taking away the bird’s balls or
- Through the use of estrogen implant.
Either of this method gets rid of the unwanted male sex hormones present in your bird.
This process involves two persons – one to hold the bird and the other person who will carry out the process.
- A razor (a new one cleaned with alcohol)
- A needle and thread (the kind used for embroidery)
- Powdered aspirin (painkiller), and water.
The two person needs to sit facing each other.
- For illustration purpose, the person doing the castration would be termed “A” and the assist would is “B”. Ready? Let’s go!
- A holds the chicken’s body between her legs and B grabs its legs to reveal its anus.
- A then then plucks the area around the chicken’s anus. He then makes an incision just below the anus by using a razor.
- A then brings the chicken to his right side. He then sticks the finger of his left hand into the incision, and extracts the testicles using his finger.
- Lastly, A stiches up the incision and sprinkles it with aspirin.
- After that, she brought the chicken to her right side. She then stuck the finger of her left hand into the incision, and extracted the testicles with her finger (Photo 3). Finally, she stitched up the incision (Photo 4) and sprinkled it with aspirin.
You can stew the extracted part and eat or just throw away.
Chemically Castrating A Rooster
Chemical Castration of Roosters and/or ganders, drakes, etc. (pre-pubescent and mature birds) can be done through an off-label use of an anti-testosterone implant designed for use in dogs.
This is drug is known as “Suprelorin” and it is a vet-only product that needs some knowledge or expertise to achieve a painless injection into the breast muscle of birds. It is a large great 12g needle.
- No testosterone related behaviors (cranky roos that attack you, randy drakes that rape your poor girls, etc).
- The bird becomes fatter and the meat is more tender.
- Prevents aggression, noise & breeding
- If done before pre-pubescent stage, the bird will not crow
- No fighting with other males over girls (or the lack thereof).
- zero fertility after about 5 days in implanted birds so you can be sure who daddy is going to be.
- It is a bit complex to do, and if done wrongly can kill the bird.
- It is off-label (which means your vet needs to explain to you that this medication is not registered for use in Avians but has been used in practice enough for him/her to be satisfied that it is safe), the cost can be inhibitory if you are implanting lots of birds.
- It might wear off after 6 months since we don’t know when the control fertility will wear off.
- It is a bit pricy. $80-$120 and upwards depending on implant and vet.
- The bird cannot be eaten after havng an implant
- Males can lose their secondary sexual characteristics and become somewhat feminine looking in appearance in comparison with a normal male bird.
Suprelorin implant rooster is recommended if you have the budget and are willing to give new things a try.
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Rooster Vs Capon
|It is meatier but less fatty||Capon was significantly more fatty than the Roo|
|The meat is also darker||The meat is lighter compared to the rooster|
|When prepared and cooked:
THE legs: were was very tough & hard to pull apart by hand.
Flavor: was good but hard to chew
Rooster was tough, not as bad as the leg. Had a very rich flavor.
Both were incredibly soft and tender.
|When prepared and cooked:
THE legs: was a bit stringy & softer to pull apart by hand.
Flavor: was good and simple to chew.
Capon was a bit more tender than the Rooster. Also had a very rich flavor.
The Capon breast had a bit more buttery flavor and was a bit smoother than the Rooster.
How Much Does It Cost To Neuter A Rooster?
A local vet will charge anywhere between $30-40 per bird.
Where can I get my Rooster Neutered?
You can get your rooster neutered at the vet’s office or follow our simple instruction to do it yourself.
What Age To Caponize A Rooster?
The earlier, the better. Anywhere from 6-8 weeks is recommended. Anything older might be dangerous.
How Do You Caponize A Rooster?
We recommend you to caponize the rooster before it enters the puberty stag. We have added instructions with diagram above on how to go about it yourself. You can also take it to the doctor to do the procedure if you’re shy.
We typically carry it out on some of our chicks when they are between six weeks and three months old.
A rooster’s testicles are high up in the body, near the back. So, by performing surgery to take it out, you’ll be able to save yourself many struggles.
However, commercial producers of capons prefer to use the chemical methods (not safe for human consumption).
If you decide to go down this route instead of doing surgery, NEVER at the castrated birds. This is because an estrogen implant is inserted under the skin of the male chick to suppress the chick’s natural testosterone, without the need for a major surgical procedure.
Some may say the surgical method is inhumane but I would rather go down that route than using chemicals that makes it unsafe for human consumption.
Why Keep A Pet Capon?
- They don’t crow
- They stay cute
- They are entertaining
- They still do a good job at protecting the flock
- He becomes much more tolerable to you, your pets, family and friends!
Will a Vet Caponize A Rooster?
Yes, a vet will caponize a rooster if you are willing to pay for the service. Usually, this is recommended anywhere between 6-8 weeks of age.
Why is Capon Illegal?
Caponizing is illegal in some parts of the United Kingdom due to animal welfare concerns but is still legal in the United States.
How is Caponization done?
Caponizing is done by:
- Surgically removing the testicles of fowls and neutering the chickens
- Injecting estrogen implant for roosters
Why are Capons So Expensive?
Capons are expensive because they are feed longer, demand high coupled with low supply. They are very popular in Italy, France, and China.
Can You Still Buy A Capon?
Yes, but they’re getting more rare in some parts of the United States and the few that still sell them do so as a luxury.
Can You Fix A Mean Rooster?
Yes, by neutering your bird, you take away all the undersirable trait.
Is Capon better than Turkey?
Well, it depends. In terms of flavor, a capon is better than a turkey but when it comes down to size, the turkey wins.
How old is a capon chicken?
A capon chicken is typically 3 weeks old. Some are castrated much older than that.
Is Capon illegal in UK?
No, only few cities make them illegal but many count them as legal. In fact, they can be gotten from butchers and in some quality supermarkets.
Do Caponize roosters crow?
No, caponizing prevents rooster from crowing if you do it before they learn the silly habit.
Does neutering a rooster stop it from crowing?
Yes! Neutering a rooster will reduce his hormones and sexual urges therefore diminishing his urge to crow.